Francisco Josť de Goya y Lucientes (1746 - 1828)
The Shootings of May Third 1808

Spanish painter and etcher Goya was born in the small Aragonese town of Fuendetodos (near Saragossa). His father was a painter and a gilder of altarpieces, and his mother was descended from a family of minor Aragonese nobility. Goya's formal artistic education commenced when, at the age of 14, he was apprenticed to a local master, Josť Luzan. In 1763 the young artist went to Madrid. By 1786 Goya was working in an official capacity for King Charles III; he was appointed first court painter in 1799. The Black Paintings, scenes of witchcraft and other bizarre activities, are among the most outstanding works of the artist's late years. In 1824, the political situation in Spain forced him to leave for France. In Bordeaux he took up the then new art of lithography, producing a series of bullfight scenes, considered among the finest lithographs ever made. Although he returned to Madrid for a brief visit in 1826, he died in self-imposed exile in Bordeaux two years later.