David Hockney (1937- )
English painter, draftsman, photographer, and set designer, known for his satirical paintings, his masterly prints and drawings, and his penetrating portraits of contemporary personalities. His works from the 1960s such as his series featuring Los Angeles swimming pools and their denizens—are painted in a bright and deliberately naive style, and their subject matter is drawn from popular culture. A Bigger Splash is one of his best-known paintings. Hockney's wryness and wit together with his talent for strong composition and design led him, at the end of the 1960s, to a more naturalistic manner, particularly in his portraits. Although not fully realistic, these works—painted in his preferred style of flat acrylic paints and profuse finely drawn lines—provide sensitive, often heightened, representations of their sitters. Hockney's notable designs for operatic productions, for both the Glyndebourne Opera in England and for New York City's Metropolitan Opera, have met with critical and popular favor. David Hockney photographs (1982) is an exploration of the medium and a partial record of his life. Composite Polaroid pictures, called joiners, such as Henry Moore (1982), are another example of Hockney's photographic work.