Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780 - 1867)
The French painter Ingres, the son of an unsuccesful painter and sculptor, was born at Montauban. After an early academic training in the Toulouse academy he went to Paris in 1796 and entered the studio of the neoclassical painter Jacques Louis David in 1797 and won the Prix de Rome in 1801. From 1806 to 1820 he painted in Rome, where he developed his extraordinary gifts for drawing and design. He was greatly influenced by the work of Raphael, and his style has been described as doubly inspired by Raphael and David. While in Italy, Ingres made many pencil portraits that are distinguished for purity and economy of style. It was a feature that formed the essential basis of Ingres's painting throughout his life.